The World Bank’s 2008 political report on the political state of
The report suggests that
But the regional figure for government effectiveness has deteriorated some 17%, as has regulatory quality and the control of corruption.
The report however notes that African aggregate indicators worsened some 7.6% between 1996, when the governance indicators were first compiled, and 2000. There has been a modest improvement since then, but the total index is still 5% lower now than in 1996.
Country performances are varied. Most of those in the top ten have made handsome gains since 1996, although
The resource curse plays out. The more endowed a country is in terms of natural resources, the worse its governance ranking. However there are exceptions, such as
The more resources a state has, the less likely it is for the ruling class to take governance reforms seriously. This observation is also supported by governance gains made by